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Tomato Time

Greenhouse tomato startsTomatoes healing from graft

Wow March is here already.  We usually try to have our first crop of greenhouse tomatoes in the ground the first week of March.  This year I pushed the germination date forward by two weeks to try to save some fuel in the greenhouse.   This year we seeded 750 tomatoes on January 19th and expect to transplant near March 18 in the first house.  The seeding for the second house was done on February 19th of another 750 tomatoes.  For several years we have liked the variety Cobra, and for the last 5 years we have been grafting these tasty tomatoes to a stronger and more disease resistant root, Maxifort or Beaufort.  

Tomato Grafting is as simple as (or as hard as) severing the top of the tasty tomato and sticking on the top of the decapitated rootstock and holding it there with a tiny clothes pin clip.  After about two weeks they are one plant with the attributes of both.  Although straightforward this process is delicate and stressful; as you are betting the whole crop on your knife skills.  Severing the connection with the stem you must handle the plants in a specific manner to help them heal.   This is a  very common practice used in fruit trees and ornamental for hundreds of years.  This year I took a year off from the tomato grafting for the greenhouses; and will probably return to it next year if the results prove the difference.   I do however expect to try grafting somefield heirlooms this year.  They are wonderful tasting varieties but were given up on by farmers because they are so weak and disease prone.  Giving these weak plants a strong  root system should double their pounds of fruit per plant.

A wintry day

This morning I woke up to a light snow just covering the ground.  The temps have droped twenty degrees in 24 hours.  Yesterday the sap was flowing fast, today I doubt there will be a drip.  I Tap the Swamp and Norway maples and here at my house in Edgartown I can set 16 taps.   This is really just a hobby amount and I quite enjoy it.  The 2 1/2 gallon buckets can fill with sap almost every sunny day where the temps are above 34 and the night was below that.   You must process the sap before it begins to spoil, I boil it off in shallow pans on my outdoor propane pot boiler.  It can take a lot of time, but it’s easy work.  It takes 40 to 50 gallons of sap to produce 1 gallon of finished syrup.  I boil till the sap measures about 218 degrees F. 

Sugar maples have the highest concentration of sugars in their sap but all maples produce a sweet sap.  In ideal conditions you can get 8-10 gallons of sap per mature tree, I am not always that lucky.  I do however, after all the years mistakes are done get 1 or 2 gallons of syrup to distribute to friends and family and to enjoy on my oatmeal in the morning.  Daniel up on the Chilmark farm also does some sugaring of his swamp maples, as does my cousin on Runamuck farm up in Lambert’s Cove.   A thoroughly enjoyable hobby, save when you burn the sap and all your hard work literally goes up in smoke, unfortunately I have done this more than once.  This is just a hobby, however my father planted two long rows of maple trees about 1990 along the edges of the Sherman field, the dream is that one day we will be able to draw a significant amount right at the home farm.  There are a lot of maples on Martha’s Vineyard, happy sugaring.

Simon Athearn

Wood burning maple sap boiler

Wood burning maple sap boiler

Morning Glory has a blog!

Welcome to Morning Glory’s Farm Log.   I hope that through the posts from all the farmers/bakers/cashiers/growers at MGF you can get an inside look into life on our vegetable farm.   I have enjoyed reading and commenting on farm and locally grown blogs,  and hope to have the same discussion about life here on Martha’s Vineyard.   As an island community we have the ability to define ourselves as those who live and visit with us here on the Vineyard.  We can work to make our community as self-sustaining as possible, and measure our success by the amount of help that is needed from the mainland.  With the  goal of making a dent the numerous trucks of food/lumber/clothing/and fuel that have to  make the daily trip from the mainland to sustain our level of commerce here.  I invite readers to post comments about how we all can further this cause and help make the connections from farmer to buyer/carpenter to sawyer/fisherman to chef etc. and to share the abundance the Vineyard offers us.